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Aaron Hale's Blog

The Sweet World of Fudge: A Journey from History to Your Kitchen

Fudge: a word that conjures images of smooth, creamy sweetness melting in your
mouth, a confectionery delight that has been a favorite for generations. But where did
fudge come from, and how is this delightful treat made? Let’s dive into the delicious
world of fudge, explore its making, and conclude with a scrumptious recipe you can try
at home.

The Origins of Fudge

Fudge’s history is as rich as its flavor. It is believed to have originated in the United
States in the late 19th century. The exact origins are debated, but a popular theory
suggests it was the result of a “fudged” (or bungled) attempt at making caramel. Fudge
quickly became a beloved sweet treat despite its accidental beginnings, with various
recipes and flavors evolving over time.

What Makes Fudge, Fudge?

At its core, fudge is a type of candy made by mixing sugar, butter, and milk or cream,
heating the mixture to the soft-ball stage at 235-245°F (113-118°C), and then beating it
while it cools to achieve a smooth, creamy consistency. The key to perfect fudge is the
sugar crystal size; fine crystals give it a firm yet melt-in-the-mouth texture. Ingredients
like chocolate, nuts, and flavors such as vanilla are often added to enhance its taste and

How to Make Fudge

Making fudge is both an art and a science. It involves carefully heating and cooling
ingredients to control sugar crystallization. Here’s a simplified overview of the fudge-
making process:

  • Mixing Ingredients: Combine sugar, milk or cream, and butter in a saucepan—the fat from butter and proteins in milk help control sugar crystallization.
  • Heating: Cook the mixture over medium heat, stirring constantly until the sugar dissolves. Use a candy thermometer to monitor the temperature.
  • Cooling: Once the mixture reaches the soft-ball stage, remove it from the heat and let it cool without stirring. This allows the temperature to decrease without forming large sugar crystals.
  • Beating: When the fudge has cooled to about 110°F (43°C), add flavorings like vanilla and beat the mixture. This process incorporates air and helps form small, smooth sugar crystals.
  • Pouring and Setting: Pour the beaten fudge into a prepared pan and let it cool completely. Cutting it into squares once set.

A Delicious Recipe to Try

Now that you’re acquainted with the process, why not try making fudge at home? Here’s
a simple yet delicious recipe for classic chocolate fudge that promises to be a hit.

Classic Chocolate Fudge


  • 3 cups of sugar
  • ¾ cup of butter
  • ⅔ cup of evaporated milk
  • 12 oz of semi-sweet chocolate chips
  • 7 oz of marshmallow cream
  • 1 tsp of vanilla extract
  • Optional: 1 cup of chopped nuts


  1. Line a 9×9 inch pan with foil and lightly grease it.
  2. In a medium saucepan, combine sugar, butter, and evaporated milk. Bring
    to a full rolling boil over medium heat, stirring constantly.
  3. Continue boiling for 5 minutes on medium heat or until the candy
    thermometer reaches 234°F (112°C), stirring constantly to prevent scorching.
  4. Remove from heat and quickly stir in chocolate chips until melted and smooth.
  5. Immediately add marshmallow cream and vanilla extract, stirring until well blended. If using, fold in the nuts.
  6. Pour into the prepared pan and cool to room temperature.
  7. Refrigerate for 2 hours or until firm.
  8. Lift out of the pan, remove foil, cut into squares, and enjoy!


(Save the recipe card below)

Fudge is more than just candy; it’s a versatile sweet treat that can be customized with

various flavors and mix-ins. Whether you’re a chocolate purist or like your fudge packed
with nuts and fruits, the possibilities are endless.

Happy fudge-making!

Classic Fudge Recipe PNG
Aaron Hale
US Army SSG EOD (Ret) Founder of
Extra Ordinary Delights

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